Dismenorrea primaria y fisioterapia primary dysmenorrhea and physical therapy. Pain improvement in women with primary dysmenorrhea. In most cases this is due to a lack of maturity of the hypothalamic pituitary ovary axis, however, this could be the first sign of an acute. Drugs utilization for treating primary dysmenorrhea in university students. Due to its monthly nature and the temporary disablement that it can cause, it is probably the main reason of women labour and school absenteeism. The uterus is induced to contract frequently and dysrhythmically, with increased basal tone and increased active pressure. Dysmenorrhea is more common in working women and in women who scored higher on the hassle scale, which is a measure of the stresses or difficulties experienced. Amenorrea y dismenorrea fisiopatologia by jose0luis0mercado2.
Diagnosis rests on a good history with negative pelvic evaluation findings. Posttreatment symptoms of dysmenorrhea table 3 shows the posttreatment symptoms of dysmenorrhea by the treatment group. Determine the association between primary dysmenorrhea and academic absenteeism in first and second year medical students of the ricardo palma university in june, 2016. Trastornos menstruales y dismenorrea en laadolescencia. Dysmenorrhea is highly prevalent among young adult jordanian females and seems to. Treatment options for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea. The pain of dysmenorrhea is crampy and usually located in lower abdomen above the pubic bone the suprapubic region. Primary dysmenorrhoea refers to painful periods that are not associated with identifiable pelvic pathology.
The primary dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynaecological alterations. It is characterized by severe pain, colic so during menstruation, manifested in the lower abdomen or lower back. Primary dysmenorrhea is a very common problem in young women. Dysmenorrhea is the leading cause of recurrent shortterm school absence in adolescent girls and a common problem in women of reproductive age. Observational, quantitative, analytical relational and transversal. Its usual onset occurs around the time that menstruation begins. Primary dysmenorrhea occurs without an associated underlying condition, while secondary dysmenorrhea has a specific underlying cause, typically a condition that affects the uterus or other reproductive organs. Mar 01, 2014 dysmenorrhea, defined as painful cramps that occur with menstruation, is the most common gynecologic problem in women of all ages and races,1 and one of the most common causes of pelvic pain. Summary the menstrual disorders are very frequently in adolescents, this create anxiety for them and his parents. In most cases this is due to a lack of maturity of the hypothalamic pituitary ovary axis, however, this could be the first sign of an acute or chronic disease and can implicate future reproductive disorders. Amenorrea y dismenorrea fisiopatologia ciclo menstrual.
Pdf to establish the prevalence and impact on quality of life of. Hyperactivity of the myometrium with accompanying uterine ischemia is considered to be of central importance in the causation of pain. The pain is usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen. The pain usually begins just before or as menstrual bleeding begins, and gradually diminishes over one to three days.
The article describes the dysmenorrhea, pathology of primary or secondary origin which affects women in the fertile period, both those that still do not menstruate as those that have already menstruated. Menstruacion dolorosa dismenorrea sintomas, causas y. Uterine hypercontractility, reduced uterine blood flow, and increased peripheral nerve hypersensitivity induce pain. Approximately 10% of adolescents who report dysmenorrhoea have an organic cause. Antiinflammatory agents, nonsteroidal and dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhoea is a common gynaecological problem consisting of painful cramps accompanying menstruation, which in. Prostaglandins seem to be involved to a large extent in the development of. Mechanisms of possible pathophysiological importance in primary dysmenorrhea are discussed. Dysmenorrhea is the occurrence of severe lower abdominal pain in women during menstruation. Dysmenorrhea can be classified as either primary or secondary based on the absence or presence of an underlying cause. Most women begin having dysmenorrhea during adolescence, usually within four to five years of the first menstrual period. This was because in its planning the use of placebo.
The treatment of primary dysmenorrhea in conventional medicine focuses on inhibiting ovulation and prostaglandin synthesis, by what is considered palliative. Acog dysmenorrhea patient education pamphlet cover. It is characterized by severe pain, colic so during menstruation, manifested in. Painful menstruation, also known as dysmenorrhea, is one of the most common womens problems. Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation. Primary dysmenorrhea begins to manifest characteristically with menarche or shortly thereafter, coinciding with the onset of regular ovulatory cycles. It is usually defined as cramping pain in the lower abdomen occurring at the onset of menstruation in the absence of any identifiable. Painful periods pamphlet presents useful information for your patients. Dysmenorrhea in adolescent is an important cause of gynecological consult, school and employment absenteeism. Dysmenorrhea is the leading cause of shortterm school absenteeism. Diagnosis and initial management of dysmenorrhea american. The inclusion criteria were an agreement to participate in the research work and a signed informed consent, age over 17 years, satisfactory health, negative urine pregnancy test and, primary dysmenorrhea screened by a physician who also obtained a medical history and performed a physical examination. The menstrual disorders are very frequently in adolescents, this create anxiety for them and his parents. Evaluating the relation of premenstrual syndrome and.989 1126 1062 246 1491 1320 1298 825 1027 99 486 17 821 883 387 1279 520 120 895 1505 465 207 453 507 588 1236 918 617 809 1196 1225 1129 464 237 148 112 1112